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International Astronomical Center

ICOP

Visibility of Muharram Crescent 1439 AH

On this page:-

When to Observe Muharram Waxing (NEW) Crescent ?


The geocentric conjunction (Geocentric New Moon) will occur Inshalla on (Wedensday 20 September 2017) at 05:30 UT.

Sighting the new crescent on (Wedensday 20 September 2017) and (Thursday 21 September 2017) is shown in the below graphs using the program Accurate Times by Mohammad Odeh according to Odeh criterion. Where:-

Wedensday 20 September 2017


Thursday 21 September 2017

According to the Universal Hejric Calendar (UHC), which is based on the calculated crescent visibility, the start of this month in the Eastern Region will be on Thursday 21 September 2017 and in the Western Region will be on Thursday 21 September 2017. Kindly notice that the UHC is a pre-calculated calendar, which adopts a certain criterion to start the new Hejric month. Your country/organization might adopt different criterion to start the new Hejric month. So it is highly advised to read the UHC website before giving any judgment.

- Results of seeing the crescent, and the first day of the month in different countries will be added here Inshalla as we receive the reports from ICOP's members. If you wish to be a member in ICOP, or to know more about it, kindly click here.





Muharram Waxing (NEW) Crescent Observation Results




20 September 2017



Indonesia


1 . Time of observation: After sunset. Not Seen:ICOP member Mr. AR Sugeng Riyadi from Surakarta City in Central Java State mentioned that the sky was partly cloudy, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was not seen by naked eye, the crescent was not seen by binocular, the crescent was not seen by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Mr. AR Sugeng Riyadi said: "The new crescent of Muharram 1439 AH was not sighted from Banjarnegara by my Team and from Assalaam Observatory by my Students of CASA (Club Astronomi Santri Assalaam) on Wednesday, September 20th, 2017 because the sky was cloudy and hazy I tried to observe with my Tim of Rowasiya and Assalaam Observatory. However the 1st of Muharram 1439 AH in Indonesia will start on Thursday, September 21st, 2017 according to the calculation.
"



Morocco


1 . Time of observation: After sunset. Not Seen:ICOP member Mr. Walid Fedi from تاوريرت City in تاوريرت -جهة الشرق State mentioned that the sky was partly cloudy, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was not sought by naked eye, the crescent was not sought by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging



2 . Time of observation: After sunset. Not Seen:ICOP member Dr. Hassan Talibi from بنسليمان City in بنسليمان State mentioned that the sky was clear, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was not seen by naked eye, the crescent was not sought by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Dr. Hassan Talibi said: "أخبرني مجموعة من الصدقاء أنهم راقبوا الهلال فلم تثبت رؤيته"



3 . Time of observation: After sunset. Not Seen:ICOP member Mr. abdessamad doukkane from الناظور City in جهو الشرق State mentioned that the sky was partly cloudy, the atmospheric condition was clear, the crescent was not seen by naked eye, the crescent was not seen by binocular, the crescent was not seen by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging



Saudi Arabia


1 . Time of observation: After sunset. Not Seen:ICOP member Dr. Ayyub Patel from Abha City in Aseer State mentioned that the sky was partly cloudy, the atmospheric condition was clear, the crescent was not seen by naked eye, the crescent was not seen by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Dr. Ayyub Patel said: "NOT SEEN although at the sunset position it was clear.  As you go from west to east it was very cloudy."



United Kingdom


1 . Time of observation: After sunset. Not Seen:ICOP member Eng. Qamar Uddin from York City in North Yorkshire State mentioned that the sky was totally cloudy, the atmospheric condition was very hazy, the crescent was not seen by naked eye, the crescent was not sought by binocular, the crescent was not seen by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Eng. Qamar Uddin said: "On Wednesday 20th September 2017, the Hilal of Muharram 1439 was not sighted from York by naked eye or telescope as it was totally cloudy"



United States


1 . Time of observation: After sunset. Not Seen:ICOP member Mr. Jim Stamm from Tucson City in Arizona State mentioned that the sky was clear, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was not sought by naked eye, the crescent was not seen by binocular, the crescent was not seen by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Mr. Jim Stamm said: "New Moon Crescent Observation Report
======================================
Observed:   Wednesday; September 20, 2017  -  18:44 (Local)

Location (WGS 84)     = Tucson, Arizona (USA)
   Longitude = 110.9651 W
   Latitude  =  32.4206 N
   Elevation = 842 meters
   Time Zone = -7.0 hours

Surface conditions at location:
   Temperature =  31 °C
   Humidity    =  22 %
   Pressure    =  29.64 in.

   Some haze kept the western sky from being perfect.

Topocentric and local time values from “Accurate Times”:
   Sunset  (at sea level)  =  18:27
   Moonset (at sea level)  =  19:05
   Time from new moon at   18:44   =  20 hr. 03 min.
   Moon lag time                   =         38 min.
   Relative Altitude               =    7.9  degrees
   Elongation from sun             =   10.2  degrees
   Crescent width                  =     15  arc seconds
   Illumination                    =    0.8  percent

I was NOT able to see the crescent, even through a telescope.

Thinking that the crescent would be easily visible, I did not 
aim the telescope, but I am pretty sure that the field of view of the finder held the image.  However, the image did not reveal itself to me through the 9x50 finder scope, nor the 55x eyepiece while scanning the area.

Observer:             Jim Stamm
E-mail Address:    StammJim@gmail.com"



21 September 2017



Indonesia


1 . Time of observation: After sunset.Seen:ICOP member Mr. AR Sugeng Riyadi from Surakarta City in Central Java State mentioned that the sky was clear, the atmospheric condition was clear, the crescent was seen by naked eye, the crescent was seen by binocular, the crescent was seen by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Mr. AR Sugeng Riyadi said: "Bismillaahirrohmanirrohiim

The new crescent of Muharram 1439 AH was sighted on Thursday, 21st September 2017 from Assalaam Observatory, The Modern Boarding School of Islam ASSALAAM, Pabelan Kartasura Sukoharjo Central Java Indonesia.

This event was attended by all students of CASA (Club Astronomi Santri Assalaam), our beloved teachers and 80 students of Madrasah Takhasusiyah PPMI Assalaam. 

The sky was clear and we could see the beautiful and very thin moon after praying maghrib.

Alhamdulillaah..."



Iran


1 . Time of observation: After sunset.Seen by others:ICOP member Mr. Hossein Janghorbani from Tabriz City in East Azerbaijan State mentioned that the sky was partly cloudy, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was seen by naked eye, the crescent was seen by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Mr. Hossein Janghorbani said: "Mr.Reza Janghorbani based in the city of Tabriz in East Azerbaijan province Moon Crescent At 19:40  is observed with the 15*70 binoculars and Moon Crescent At 19:44 is observed with the naked eye.""



2 . Time of observation: Before sunset.Seen:ICOP member Mr. Hossein Janghorbani from Shahreza City in Isfahan State mentioned that the sky was clear, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was seen by naked eye, the crescent was seen by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Mr. Hossein Janghorbani said: "In the name of God
Muharram Crescent Observation Report
The Astronomy and Geophysics Center of Shahreza – The Crescent Association of Shahreza
Report by: Hossein Janghorbani (Najmosepehr-Sadrolmonajjemin) – Manager of Shahreza Crescent Association and Red Crescent’s Astronomy and Geophysics Center
Date: Thursday, 09/21/2017
Location: Damzad foothills in the East of Shahreza (latitude: 32 00 N, longitude: 51 52 E, elevation: 1825m from sea level, time zone: +4.5 GMT)
Equipments: Two sets of 15*70 binoculars, One sets of 20*60 binoculars, One sets of 7*50 binoculars, One compass.
Atmospheric condition: hazy.
Horizon obstacles: 2°
Apparent sunset: 18:51
Results: Moon crescent was seen by 7*50 binoculars by Mahdi Ghasemi and by 15*70 binoculars by Hossein Janghorbani at 18:59, for the first time. Other group members observed crescent by binoculars subsequently. Crescent observed by Hossein Janghorbani at 19:01 by naked eye. Other group members observed crescent by naked eye.
Observers:
1.Dr AliAkbar Taki 2.MohammadMahdi Jambakhsh 3.Mohmmad Ansaripoor 4.Mahdi Ghasemi 5.Sayed Moslem Rezvani 6.Mohammad Sadra Nikeghbal 7.Mohammad Javad Nikeghbal 8.AbdolReza Gholami 9.Iman MehrAra
10.Saer Aliabedi 11.Ali Janghorbani 12. Hossein Janghorbani 13.Marzieh MehrAra 14.Talaat Taheri 15.Tayebeh Shafiee 16.Roya Ghermezi 17.Zinat Ghermezi 18.Mohadeseh Alinezhad 19.Misagh Alinezhad 20.Zohreh Karimpoor 21.Toktam Aliabedi 22.Shahideh Torabi 23.Ziba Haffar 24.Masoomeh Haffar 25.Shiva Ansaripoor 26.Soheyla Eslami 27.Zahra Fallahi
"



Morocco


1 . Time of observation: After sunset. Not Seen:ICOP member Mr. Walid Fedi from taourirt City in taourirt State mentioned that the sky was totally cloudy, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was not seen by naked eye, the crescent was not sought by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging



2 . Time of observation: After sunset.Seen:ICOP member Dr. Hassan Talibi from بنسليمان City in بنسليمان State mentioned that the sky was partly cloudy, the atmospheric condition was clear, the crescent was seen by naked eye, the crescent was not sought by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging



United States


1 . Time of observation: After sunset.Seen:ICOP member Dr. Javad Torabinejad from Blacksburg City in Virginia State mentioned that the sky was partly cloudy, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was seen by naked eye, the crescent was seen by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Dr. Javad Torabinejad said: "I arrived at my sighting location at 7:22 pm EDT (sunset: 7:21 pm).  The western horizon was partly cloudy and hazy.  Using a pair of binoculars (7X50), I started scanning the horizon.  The first binocular sighting was at 7:32 pm.  Immediately after, I saw the crescent with naked eye.  The horns were at 1:30 and 6:30 O'clock (1:30;4:00;6:30).  I left the area at 7:44  (moonset: 8:28 pm)."




The OFFICIAL First Day in Different Countries



21 September 2017


1 . Bahrain
2 . Indonesia
3 . Iraq
4 . Jordan
5 . Kuwait
6 . Libya
7 . Malaysia
8 . Palestine
9 . Qatar
10 . Saudi Arabia
11 . Tunisia
12 . Turkey
13 . United Arab Emirates


22 September 2017


1 . Algeria
2 . Bangladesh
3 . Egypt
4 . India
5 . Iran
6 . Mauritania
7 . Morocco
8 . Oman
9 . Pakistan


When to Observe Dhul Hijjah Waning (OLD) Crescent ?


The geocentric conjunction (Geocentric New Moon) will occur Inshalla on (Wedensday 20 September 2017) at 05:30 UT.

Sighting the OLD crescent on (Wedensday 20 September 2017) and (Tuesday 19 September 2017) is shown in the below graphs using the program Accurate Times by Mohammad Odeh according to Odeh criterion. Where:-

Wedensday 20 September 2017


Tuesday 19 September 2017




Dhul Hijjah Waning (OLD) Crescent Observation Results




19 September 2017



Indonesia


1 . Time of observation: Before sunrise.Seen:ICOP member Mr. AR Sugeng Riyadi from Surakarta City in Central Java State mentioned that the sky was clear, the atmospheric condition was clear, the crescent was seen by naked eye, the crescent was seen by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Mr. AR Sugeng Riyadi said: "The old crescent of Dzulhijjah 1438 AH was sighted on Tuesday, September 19th, 2017 from Rowasiya Observatory at Bendo Ketitang Juwiring Klaten Central Java Indonesia."



Saudi Arabia


1 . Time of observation: Before sunrise.Seen:ICOP member Dr. Ayyub Patel from Abha City in Aseer State mentioned that the sky was partly cloudy, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was seen by naked eye, the crescent was seen by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Dr. Ayyub Patel said: "Seen first by binoculars and then by naked eye. very thin crescent seen in between thin clouds above the sunrise position very slightly to the left."



Sri Lanka


1 . Time of observation: Before sunrise.Seen by others:ICOP member Mr. Abdul Rahman Razeen from Colombo06 City in Western Province State mentioned that the sky was totally cloudy, the atmospheric condition was hazy, the crescent was seen by naked eye, the crescent was not sought by binocular, the crescent was not sought by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Mr. Abdul Rahman Razeen said: "A.alaikum. Today 19-9-2017CE which corresponds 27-12-1438AH is the sighting day for the waning crescent in Srilanka. The parameters are as follows for Colombo according to Eng.M.Odeh criteria:-

- SRI LANKA Colombo, Long: 79:52:00.0, Lat: 06:56:00.0, Ele:6.0, Zone:5.50
- Summer time is: Off
- Height above mean sea-level affects rise and set events.
- Refraction Settings: Temperature: 10 °C   Pressure: 1010 mb
- Delta T: 70.39 Second(s)
==============================================================================

- T. Conjunction Time: 20/09/2017 CE, 10:05 LT
- Julian Date at Time of Calculations: 2458015.52082

- Moorise: 05:05 LT                       T. Moon Age:   -28H 05M 
- Sunrise: 06:00 LT                       Moon Lag Time: +00H 55M 

- T. Moon Right Ascension: +10H 56M 45S   T. Moon Declination: +08°:42':32"
- T. Sun Right Ascension:  +11H 46M 19S   T. Sun Declination:  +01°:28':56"

- T. Moon Longitude: +162°:05':22"        T. Moon Latitude: +01°:49':18"
- T. Sun Longitude:  +176°:16':23"        T. Sun Latitude:  +00°:00':03"

- T. Moon Altitude: +12°:08':25"          T. Moon Azimuth: +82°:32':19"
- T. Sun Altitude:  -00°:55':16"          T. Sun Azimuth:  +88°:23':41"

- T. Relative Altitude: +13°:03':41"      T. Elongation:  +14°:17':51"
- T. Relative Azimuth:  -05°:51':22"      T. Phase Angle: +165°:40':01"

- T. Crescent Width: +00°:00':30"         T. Moon Semi-Diameter:  +00°:15':51"
- T. Illumination:   01.56 %              G. Horizontal Parallax: +00°:57':58"

- T. Magnitude: -05.41                    G. Distance: 378324.47 Km

- According to Odeh Criteria, using the following values at Best Time:
  * Moon-Sun Topocentric Relative Altitude =+13°:18':32" (13.3°)
  * Topocentric Crescent width = +00°:00':30" (0.51')
  * q = 9.17

  * The Crescent Visibility is: Easily Visible By Naked Eye.
I was at Colombo at my house couldn't sight the crescent. The horizon was partly cloudy.
 A positive sighting report came from Kinniya by Moulavi faizal (Rahmany) as he and some of friends sighted the waning crescent. In Srilanka sighting waxing crescent for the month of Muharram 1439 AH falls on 21st Thursday evening. 



"



United States


1 . Time of observation: Before sunrise. Not Seen:ICOP member Mr. Jim Stamm from Tucson City in AZ State mentioned that the sky was clear, the atmospheric condition was clear, the crescent was not sought by naked eye, the crescent was not sought by binocular, the crescent was not seen by telescope, the crescent was not sought by CCD Imaging
Mr. Jim Stamm said: "Old Moon Crescent Observation Report
======================================
Observed:   Tuesday; September 19, 2017  -  06:10 (Local)

Location (WGS 84)     = Tucson, Arizona (USA)
   Longitude = 110.9651 W
   Latitude  =  32.4206 N
   Elevation = 842 meters
   Time Zone = -7.0 hours

Surface conditions at location:
   Temperature =  25 °C
   Humidity    =  54 %
   Pressure    =  29.89 in.

   Only slight haze kept the sky from being perfect.


Topocentric and local time values from “Accurate Times”:
   Moonrise (at sea level)  =  05:27
   Sunrise  (at sea level)  =  06:06
   Time from new moon at   05:49   = -16 hr. 52 min.
   Moon lag time                   =         39 min.
   Relative Altitude               =    7.9  degrees
   Elongation from sun             =    7.9  degrees
   Crescent width                  =      9  arc seconds
   Illumination                    =   0.48  percent

I was NOT able to see the crescent, even through a telescope.

Everything was good, except the humidity.  Aiming and focus was spot on, and I expected to see the crescent, if not immediately, then as soon as it rose above the murk, at maybe 10 degrees.  However, no image formed that lasted more than a second, until after the sun rose.  Then only for two seconds.  They must have been due to some kind of internal reflection.

Observer   :       Jim Stamm
E-mail Address:    StammJim@gmail.com"



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